Venezuelan Art and Culture

The Venezuela Art is a fine blend of the pre-colonial and the colonial style in the field of painting, fine arts, literature, music and dance. There was profound influence of Spanish art forms on Venezuela art.

Venezuela Music acquired a completely new rhythm, which was the collection of Spanish, African and the indigenous musical notes and beats. The region that has evidently been influenced by the African music is the north east coast of Venezuela. The ‘Gaita’is the traditional music of Christmas in Venezuela, which is accompanied by four-stringed guitars and maracas. This guitar enhances the rhythmic beat of the most popular art form called the ‘joropo’. Some of the other important dance forms in Venezuela are ‘merengue’ and Puerto Rican salsa. 

Venezuela literature is also an important aspect of Venezuela Art. Although literature began to gain stronghold on the Venezuelan soil during the colonial period, it did not take long to realize the importance of literary figures.

Venezuela painting took a significant turn from the pre-colonial rock carvings to religious paintings in the colonial period. The post-independence era saw a significant blend of the style of both the colonial and the pre-colonial themes. Religion seems to be the pre dominant theme. Some of the important figures in the field of Venezuela painting and sculpture were Enrique Antonio Hernández Prieto, and Antonio José Landaeta’s and Martín Tovar y Tovar. Kinetic art in Venezuela gained momentum in the end of the 20th century with certain artists.

With notable figures like Arturo Michelena, Gego, Marisol Escobar, Yucef Merhi in the field of Venezuela fine art and literature, the cultural heritage of the country is now being studied under new light.